Lipid profiling is a simple diagnostic test performed to screen the abnormal lipid level that is moving freely in our blood.
Lipid is commonly known as Fats. They are made up of Cholesterols and Triglycerides in our body. The presence of excessive fat in the blood leads to its deposition on the blood vessels causing blockages and obstructing the blood flow.
Lipid profile test is performed to identify the risk of atherosclerosis, heart disease, pancreases disease, metabolic disorders and other diseases.
There are various tests conducted under Lipid profile, which is:
• Total cholesterol test
• High-density lipid (HDL) commonly called as good cholesterol
• Low-density lipid(LDL) commonly called as bad Cholesterol
• Very low-density lipoprotein test
• Cholesterol: High-density lipid ratio test
• Triglycerides test
Who should undergo Lipid profile test?
• Adults over 9 years of age
• Diabetic patients
• People who have high blood pressure
• People suffering from obesity and heart-related diseases
• Passive smokers
• People who have family history of having high cholesterol level
How frequently should lipid profile test be done?
• Once between the ages of 9 and 11
• Once between the ages of 17 and 21
• Yearly once for adults over 30 and above year
How is lipid profile test performed?
Lipid profile test is performed using the blood sample collected from the patient after overnight fasting (minimum of 8 hours). The blood sample is subjected to various tests which are mentioned under lipid profile test.
What do abnormal values of Lipid profile indicate?
Increased risk of atherosclerosis
• Poor blood supply to legs and other parts of the body
• Prone to stokes
• Indicates thyroid diseases, diabetes, and metabolic disorders
Improve your lipid profile with moderate fat diet and exercises for half an hour daily.
Take up regular health checkups. Be health conscious.